When visiting Australia, it’s easy to note that it is a pretty great market for a business. Australia’s economic advantages and socio-political landscape make it attractive not just for business owners that reside within Australia, but also those from overseas.
This usually begs the question – “Can a tourist start a business in Australia?”.
The answer is both yes and no.
A person visiting Australia as a tourist cannot start a business in Australia as the conditions of their visa are unlikely to allow this. However, this does not mean that only people that live in Australia can start and operate a business here.
In fact, the Australian market welcomes overseas business owners and has greatly benefited from hosting businesses from all over the world both economically and by the increase in consumer choices.
In order to become a part of this, you will first need to attain the kind of visa that permits you to conduct business in Australia. Then you’re all set to go!
Here at Sprintlaw, while we cannot take care of your visa requirements, we can help you with the business set up process provided that your visa allows you to do so.
Keep reading to find out more about starting a business in Australia as a non-resident.
What Is The Business Environment Like In Australia?
Currently, Australia sits at number 15 out of 190 countries for its ease of doing business. The Australian economy, governance, social and political landscape all contribute to making it a highly ranked region in terms of running a business.
Therefore, you can expect a healthy business environment that is supportive of business endeavours.
However, it’s important to do your own research before starting a business in any region beforehand. Assess matters such as demand, supply of certain materials, competition, interest in the specific product or service as well as consumer values to see if your business idea is fit for the Australian market.
Even though the Australian economy is considered well sought after for its ease in doing business, this statistic doesn’t guarantee all businesses success.
Therefore, it’s important you enter into the market prepared for any challenges and obstacles you may need to overcome.
Can A Tourist Open A Business In Australia?
There are different types of ways people can enter into Australia. Commonly, people arrive in Australia as tourists, students and employees. It all depends on the kind of visa you hold. The visa you have will determine your reason for being in Australia and what kind of activities you can undertake while staying in Australia.
Typically, a tourist visa does not allow its holders to work or start a business of any kind in Australia (remember, violating the terms of your visa is a legal offence).
Therefore, it’s crucial you enter Australia on the right kind of visa if you intend on undertaking business activities while you are here. Visit the Australian Department of Home Affairs website for more information.
Can I Run A Company As A Non-Citizen In Australia?
You don’t have to be an Australian citizen to run a company in Australia. In fact, non-residents of Australia can still run a company in Australia. However, they will need some help from people they trust that do reside in Australia.
Every company that operates in Australia must have a director that lives or resides in Australia. This is a requirement under the Corporations Act 2001, which regulates all companies in Australia.
A private company will need at least one resident director, whereas a public company needs to have a minimum of 3 directors, two of which must reside in Australia.
What Are A Company Director’s Duties?
Directors play an important role in the higher levels of a company and are integral to a company’s success. Therefore, it’s important to select a director that not only fulfils the residential requirements, but also takes their director duties seriously.
Director duties are the rules of conduct every director must follow under the Corporations Act 2001. A breach of director’s duties is considered a violation of the law and, depending on the severity of the breach, can lead to legal consequences such as imprisonment.
Director duties include:
- Acting in good faith
- Never abusing their powers
- Acting with care and diligence
- Always using the information they can access appropriately
How To Start A Business In Australia
Before you get caught up in the more complicated matters, you will need to check off your business registration as one of the first steps to starting a business in Australia.
In Australia, all businesses are required to have an Australian Business Number (ABN) which can be attained when registering your business.
Business registration can be done online through the Business Registration Service.
Make sure you have all your details together before getting started so you can get through the application efficientlyYou can also register your business name and apply for any relevant taxes here as well.
For more information on what taxes might apply to you as a non resident Australian business, visit the Australian Taxation Office (ATO).
If you are registering a business, then you are all good to go once your application has been approved and you have received your ABN.
However, when setting up a company there are some additional steps required. In order to operate a company in Australia, you will also need to get an Australian Company Number (ACN).
Like an ABN, this process can be done online with the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC). Naturally, a company structure is very different to other types of businesses. Therefore, be prepared to provide a lot more detail when doing your ACN application.
Once you have both your ABN and ACN, keep these identifying numbers close by – they are useful and often required when dealing with government agencies or conducting other official tasks.
What Licence Do I Need To Start A Business As A Tourist?
Aside from visa requirements, there are no specific business licences that apply solely to business owners that are from outside of Australia.
Therefore, your business licence requirements will essentially be the same as Australian business owners. This means that your industry and business operations will determine whether you need a business licence or not as well as what type of licence you will require.
You can look up what kind of business licence you might need by using the Australian Business Licence and Information Service (ABLIS). The site allows you to either look up a businesses licence by name and get details about that specific type of business licence.
Alterivaltey, it also allows you to fill out some information regarding your business in order to generate a list of what licences you may need as well as information on attaining them.
What Legal Documents Do I Need?
Any business owner, whether they are a resident or non-resident of Australia, will need to have the right legal documents in place so their business be protected and operate in a legally compliant manner.
When you’re an overseas business owner, multiple jurisdictions might be a factor for you. In this case, you might want to make sure contracts are internationally enforceable. An internationally enforceable contract takes into consideration the need for the contract to be applicable in more than one region, meaning it will be catered and written to make sure it can hold wherever you need it to.
Before you get into having those contracts drafted to apply internationally, you might want to take a look at the different types of contracts and other legal documents you will need to operate a business in Australia.
Should I Have Contractor Agreements?
In order to run your business, you might consider hiring staff to help out. Depending on the kind of employees you choose to have it’s important to have a formal agreement with them in place, signed by both parties.
Many business owners choose to hire contractors which are external employees that generally serve for the completion of a specific task or project for a certain period of time. They aren’t an internal employee of the business and therefore, their rights as well as responsibilities should be listed accordingly.
It’s important to note that an employee’s rights are different from a contractor’s rights. For example, the National Employment Standards apply to employees, but not to contractors.
This becomes a tricky area in the context of sham contracting, where employers try to make employees look like contractors so that they can get away with not paying them minimum wage or providing other employee entitlements.
So, it’s essential to understand the difference between employees and contractors when fulfilling your employer obligations.
It’s also important to have a Contractors Agreement that clearly states their employment type.
On the other hand, if you’re hiring employees, you will need to have an Employment Agreement in place that contains all their rights, in accordance with Australian employment standards.
When deciding to take the steps to put your business online through its own website, it’s crucial to have the right legal documents in place there, too.
Privacy isn’t just for website policies – it’s also important in everyday business practices to keep your business secure.
A Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA) is a confidentiality agreement between parties that lets them know what information needs to stay between them. For example, if you’re letting an investor look through important documents such as your business plan, then it’s good to have them sign a Business Plan Non-Disclosure Agreement so they cannot reveal those ideas to others.
Like we mentioned above, Australia has a healthy business environment, but also a competitive one! As such, it’s worth investing in strong Confidentiality Agreements to protect your business’ trade secrets and retain your competitive edge.
What Laws Apply To Me As A Non-Resident Business Owner?
As a non-resident business owner, you will still be subject to Australian rules and regulations. Therefore, it’s important to become familiar with them so your business doesn’t get penalised for any wrongdoings.
You need to be aware of the Australian Consumer Law (ACL) as it determines how your business practices are allowed to impact your customers and the general public.
The ACL covers matters such as:
- Misleading and deceptive conduct
- False advertising
- Unfair contract terms
- Consumer rights
- Product safety
- Consumer guarantees
It is possible for people that aren’t Australian residents to operate a business in Australia, however, they can’t do this on a tourist visa. At Sprintlaw, while we cannot help you with your visa requirements, we can aid in setting up your business in Australia.
To summarise what we’ve discussed:
- The Australian business environment is stable and generally good for starting a business
- Non-residents can operate a business in Australia, however, if you intend to come to Australia for this purpose you will need the right visa
- If you plan on setting up a company, you will need to have a director that resides Australia
- Make sure you hire someone trustworthy that will follow through on their directors duties
- Look up an licences you will need for your business
- Have all your legal documents drafted
- Get familiar with relevant Australian laws, such as the ACL
If you would like a consultation on opening a business in Australia as a tourist, you can reach us at 1800 730 617 or email@example.com for a free, no-obligations chat.
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